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Tanzania History & Culture | History

Tanzanian FlagTanzania was cradle to some of the earliest hominids on earth, made famous by the discoveries of Louis and Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge. Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to eastern Africa at the same time trade between Arabic-speaking peoples and coastal populations was initiated in the first century. By the 12th century, Arab trading posts were well established along the coast and on some islands.

In the late 19th century, Germany conquered regions that are now Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi, incorporating them into German East Africa. During World War I, the British attempted to gain control of this territory. In the post-World War I accords, a League of Nations charter designated the area as a British Mandate.

British rule ended in 1962 as Tanganyika became an independent Tanzania incorporating national unity between mainland Tanzania and the island of Zanzibar. TANU, Tanzania African National Union was formed and continues as the leading political organization.



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