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The Issues & Our Response | Education

Staff PhotoSecondary School Education in Tanzania

When the British colonized East Africa, they institutionalized their educational system throughout Tanzania which continues to bear its mark.  The Ministry of Education controls the syllabus, texts, and examinations of more than 4,100 secondary schools. All secondary school instruction is in English, the students' third language. About a fifth of these schools are private, many of which are managed by Non-Government Organizations including the Lutheran Church's 60+ schools. (http://www.elct.or.tz/schools.html). The Form IV examination scores are published annually by the Ministry every January. The Mwangaza staff analyzes the ELCT school results and provides this information to all Lutheran schools. (ELCT schools .xls file)  Since 1997, the national results have been declining severely. In 2010, for example, only one-third of all students passed with scores sufficient enough to continue their studies. The national outcry is heard throughout the country.



Mwangaza initiated a Literacy Intervention Program in 2010, targeting five of the lowest-scoring ELCT secondary schools. Mwangaza invited heads of schools to our Center to solicit their support and commitment to the following:

  • schoolhouseOver a three-year period, beginning with Form I, these same students are followed into Form 2 and 3. Students take a brief English examination at the beginning of each year which is consonant with language level texts used. The same examination is given at the end of the year as an indicator of change.
  • Teachers in each school attend one-week immersion seminars at Mwangaza to learn more about student-centered methodologies, using Mwangaza's Resource Book to develop their lesson plans.
  • Teachers are committed to teaching these methodologies at least twice weekly; likewise, they must use government texts in their teaching.
  • Mwangaza provides the teachers with computer skill training in the use Microsoft Excel.
  • Mwangaza provides mini-books for all students. These 8" x 11" pages have a contextual story with visuals and language related to subjects they are studying.
  • Mwangaza staff visits each school four times a year to monitor the Literacy Intervention Program.
  • In 2012, Mwangaza will prepare an evaluation of this Literacy Intervention Program, proposing details of an intervention model that could be adopted by any school.

Download the Mwangaza Resource Book or take a look at the Mwangaza mini-books.



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